my idea seeks to achieve SDG 6 by exploiting climate friendly smart solutions that are cost effective
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are a critical determinant of public health, with rural and often poor communities at a greater risk of health burdens arising from sub-optimal practices. Globally unicef estimates about 844 million people lacking clean water while 2.3 billion don't have a decent toilet1. This results into inappropriate disposal of human waste, contributes to poor maternal and child health outcomes. In Africa, 42% of health facilities lack an improved water source, slowing efforts towards significant reduction in maternal and newborn deaths. Inadequate sanitation at health facilities is an underlying cause of sepsis accounting for 31% of newborn death and a leading cause (30.9%) of maternal mortality2. Uganda being a developing nation has inadequate WASH, with 60% lacking clean water while a vast majority (80%) don’t have a decent toilet; this results into 4500 under 5 mortalities annually3. Buikwe is a fishing community of 1,244.7 km2, constituting 52 landing sites and estimated to have 445,300 people. A high population density of 357.8 / km2, coupled with inadequate toilet coverage, cases of open defecation and diarrhea are common in 46 of the landing sites are common. Since majority of residents (65%) draw untreated water from the lake for domestic use, human waste management has a great impact to improve the general health of this community. As such installation of Eco toilets would create a clean and sustainable eco-system. The bio-digester will harness methane for electricity generation and the bio-slurry used as fertilizer to address food and nutriton security. The power which is currently unavailable will be used for chilling fish and lighting thus improving livelihood. With a daily average human waste production of 1.224 kg/person4 the 90,000 residents on the 52 landing sites would produce 109.8 ton of Biomass for power generation daily. Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) in collaboration with National Wastewater Management Framework have tried biogas system for schools and result indicated returns of $4 for each dollar invested in a biogas, latrine and sanitation system5. I hope your evaluation team finds this idea worth your investment, it envisions a smart approach in preserving the aquatic ecosystem as wellas address the global challenge of Sanitation and Energy in both a climatic friendly and sustainable manner, as human waste is independent of enviromental conditions (wind, & sun).
1-WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) Report 2017
4-C. Polprasert, Organic Waste Recycling (IWA Publishing, 2007
5 ttp://inweh.unu.edu/waste-to-wealth pg7